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5F-AB-FUPPYCA (also known as AZ-037) is a pyrazole-based synthetic cannabinoid that is presumed to be a potent agonist of the CB1 receptor and has been sold online as a designer drug.
It was first detected by the EMCDDA as part of a seizure of 540 g white powder in France in February 2015.
The name AZ-037 is also used as a synonym for its structural isomer 5-fluoro-3,5-AB-PFUPPYCA on the Cayman Chemical website. Thus AZ-037 is being used as a synonym for two different compounds.
AZ-037 is classified as a research chemical in the cannabinoid family. The IUPAC name is (S)-N-(1-AMINO-3-METHYL-1-OXOBUTAN-2-YL)-1-(5-FLUOROPENTYL)-5-(4-FLUOROPHENYL)-1H-PYRAZOLE-3-CARBOXAMIDE and the chemical formula is C20H26F2N4O2. It has a molecular weight of 392.44.
Since AZ-037 is a new chemical, we can look at the research conducted on similar research chemical to learn more about AZ-037.
Research on this compound was conducted by ACD/Labs', US Environmental Protection Agency's EPISuite, and ChemAxon. Properties that were predicted by ACD/Labs showed 2 #H bond acceptors, 0 #H bond donors, 5 #Freely rotating bonds, index of refraction at 1.613 with a surface tension of 42.5±7.0 dyne/cm, a flash point of 271.2±22.6 °C and a boiling point of 524.7±23.0 °C at 760 mmHg.
Properties that were predicted by the US Environmental Protection Agency's EPISuite showed the boiling point at 483.83, melting point at 200.54, and the vapor pressure estimations at 9.86E-010. The report also showed water solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L): 0.002224. The removal in wastewater treatment was 93.30 percent for total removal, total biodegradation is 0.77 percent, total sludge adsorption is 92.52 percent, and to air 0.00.